2. UNRAVELLING THE IMPACT OF CHRONIC STRESS ACROSS VERTEBRATES

2.1 Management as stressor in fish farms, in ornamental fish aquaculture, in home and public aquaria, in zebrafish facilities, in amphibian and reptile terraria, in avian farms, in pig farms and in cattle farms

Quantification of management related stressors such as animal density, light regime, water quality, etc. in order to reduce chronic stress and to optimize overall animal performance and welfare.

2.2 Feed as stressor focusing on invertebrates (e.g. Artemia salina), mycotoxins and fish feed constituents

The optimization of fish diets throughout the production cycle including but not limited to testing:

  • The influence of different combinations, concentrations, origins, etc. of single or multiple ingredients.
  • New ingredients.
  • The effect of pre-and probiotics as well as other supplements on the stress level experienced by fish in time and subsequently on the overall performance of the fish in time.

2.3 Microbial endocrinology, interaction between bacteria, glucocorticoids and the stress level in fish.

The interaction between bacteria and glucocorticoids in order to optimize RAS biofilter systems in relation to microbial content and glucocorticoids in the water produced by fish. Fish pathogens as stressor focusing on the interaction between bacterial pathogens and stress axis activity in fish.

2.4 Pollutants as stressor

The effect of natural glucocorticoids in water and endocrine disruptors as chronic stressor in aquaculture, home and public aquaria, and wildlife, and their effect on growth, reproduction, innate immune system and subsequent susceptibility to disease and mortality.

2.5 Stress in human related pathologies

The function and effect of glucocorticoids in human pathologies.